DRONE

The Bosnia and Herzegovina Directorate of Civil Aviation has published the Rulebook on the Requirements for Aerial Drone Operations (Official Gazette of BIH 51/20). The following excerpts have been taken from the Rulebook as the most relevant for the topic:

BASIC RULES FOR THE USE OF DRONES

1. The provisions of this Rulebook apply to drones with a maximum take-off mass of 249 g up to 25 kg.

2. Drones with a maximum take-off mass greater than 25 kg require special BHDCA approval;

3. Categories of drone operations: non-commercial (OPEN), commercial (SPECIFIC) and aerial work (CERTIFIED);

4. Drone categories: A1 (249 g – 1 kg), A2 (1 kg – 2 kg), A3 (2 kg – 5 kg) and A4 (5 kg – 25 kg);

5. Basic rules for non-commercial operations (OPEN):
a) drones shall be flown only during daylight hours and within the visual line of sight of the drone operator;
b) The maximum permissible altitude for drone operation is up to 30 m AGL (above ground level);
c) the lateral distance from people, animals, structures, vehicles, vessels, roads, railways, waterways, power transmission lines, etc. must be at least 30 m. Flying over people is not permitted.
d) the lateral distance from a public gathering must be at least 50 m;
e) it is not permitted to fly a drone at a lateral distance of less than 500 m from: industrial zones, embassies, government facilities and institutions, as well as other public buildings;
f) all drones with a mass greater than 1 kg shall require a valid insurance policy which covers damage to third parties in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
g) it is not permitted to fly a drone from within a protection area located within 300 m from the border line in the depth of the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, unless the drone operator or drone owner has obtained prior consent of the B&H Border Police.

6. Basic rules for commercial operations (SPECIFIC)
a) drone operations in daylight conditions shall be carried out within the operator's visual line of sight, where the drone operator must be familiar with the environment in which he/she operates the drone, designate a dedicated landing site, and mark it visibly (in the case of autonomous landing). If the drone operations are carried out beyond the visual line of sight, the lateral distance must not exceed 1000 m from the drone operator.
b) for operations at night, the drone must be equipped with light-signalling devices, it must be flown only within the visual line of sight, the dedicated landing site must be in the immediate vicinity of the drone operator (in the case of autonomous landing), and the maximum altitude shall not exceed 30 m AGL. It is not allowed to fly a drone over a group of people, important buildings and the like.
c) Drone operators must have a valid drone insurance policy that covers damage to third parties on the ground in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, regardless of the drone's mass.
d) The minimum lateral distance from people, animals, structures, vehicles, vessels, roads, railways, waterways, power transmission lines or other remotely piloted aircraft must be at least 30 m.
e) when flying a drone, drone operators who are unable to adhere to the prescribed lateral distances referred to in point d) due to the environment and surrounding obstacles may fly the drone at a smaller lateral distance, but not smaller than 5 m, while the flight altitude must not exceed 20 m AGL.
f) The maximum permissible flight altitude of a drone is up to 120 m AGL or up to 50 m above an obstacle.
g) the lateral distance from industrial zones, embassies, government facilities and institutions, and other public buildings must not be less than 100 m.
h) drones may be operated within an airport area at a distance of less than 1.5 km from the airport or CTR zone, only with the prior consent of the competent Air Traffic Control or Airspace Management Cell (AMC), and the drone operator shall be obligated to comply with the terms of the consent.
i) it is not permitted to fly a drone from within a protection area located within 300 m from the border line in the depth of the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, unless the drone operator or drone owner has obtained prior consent of the B&H Border Police.

7. Basic rules for aerial work performed by drones (CERTIFIED)
Prior to commencing drone operations, the drone operator must contact the BHDCA at dron@bhdca.gov.ba in order to obtain a special approval for performing aerial work by drones in the airspace of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

8. Any drones that are under the responsibility of foreign institutions (army, police, customs and other similar organisations) must obtain approval of the competent institution in Bosnia and Herzegovina before conducting drone operations.

For any further information, please feel free to contact us.
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Phone: +387 51 921 222; Fax: +387 51 921 520; e-mail: bhdca@bhdca.gov.ba